Las enfermedades que más afectan a los perros

What are the most common diseases in dogs?

Like humans, our furry friends are prone to develop certain diseases, whether caused by microorganisms, natural aging, genetic predisposition or poor diet.

Therefore, in this post of our blog we want to tell you about the most common diseases in dogs, so you can be aware of the symptoms and give them the help they need to regain their health and the desire to continue giving you lots of love.

Diseases in dogs caused by microorganisms

Viruses, bacteria and protozoa are microorganisms that exist in different places, such as soil, water and even food. When our dog comes in contact with them, they cause different diseases, the most common being the following.

Canine Brucellosis

Canine brucellosis is a disease caused by Brucella Canis, a type of bacteria responsible for many spontaneous abortions and sterility in dogs. It is a difficult disease to eradicate completely, although the use of antibiotics is effective in 70%-80% of cases.


Rabies is one of the best known canine diseases, and is transmitted through the bite of an animal previously infected with the rabies virus. The symptoms of a dog infected with rabies are excessive salivation, tremors, convulsions, behavioral changes and aggressiveness.

It is a fatal disease, but the good news is that it can be effectively prevented by vaccination.


Toxoplasmosis is caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma Gondii. Symptoms include fever, respiratory problems, vomiting and abortions in pregnant bitches, although in many cases it does not manifest itself. Like other diseases caused by these microorganisms, it is cured by antibiotics according to the severity of the infection.

Perro enfermo


Like the previous one, leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by a protozoan. It is transmitted by the bite of the Phlebotomus mosquito and is a very serious, even fatal, disease. There is no cure per se, only treatment, since the protozoan remains in the organism and manifests itself periodically.


Scabies is a fairly common disease in dogs, who can also transmit it to humans through physical contact. It is caused by mites, microscopic spiders that live on the skin to feed on sebum, dead cells, etc.

It is a disease that causes strong itching, which will make our dog scratch hard until he gets wounds and sores, which can be a source of other infections. At the first symptoms, we must go to the veterinarian to provide the appropriate treatment.

Kennel cough

Kennel cough, also called canine infectious tracheobronchitis, is an acute disease caused by different pathogens whose symptoms are dry cough and sneezing. It is contracted through the air, but also if food or water dishes are shared with other infected dogs.

In general, kennel cough is of little importance, but in the most acute cases it does require pharmacological treatment.

Physical diseases of dogs

Now, we will talk about the main canine diseases that are not caused by microorganisms, but by more physical factors, such as aging, hormonal disorders or degeneration of some tissues of the organism.

Hip dysplasia

Hip dysplasia in dogs is a disease caused by a malformation of the hip joint, more common in large breeds. It can cause pain and lameness, and in severe cases, may require surgery. Physical therapy and weight control are key to treatment.


Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones, and this causes symptoms such as lethargy, weight gain and skin problems. The remedy is lifelong hormone treatment.

Enfermedades físicas de los perros

Diabetes Mellitus

Diabetes in dogs occurs when the body is unable to regulate blood sugar levels. Symptoms include increased thirst and urination. As in humans, treatment involves insulin injections and strict dietary control.


Osteosarcoma is a common type of bone cancer in dogs, especially in large dog breeds. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy, depending on the case. Early detection is key to a better prognosis.


Arthritis is one of the most common diseases in older dogs. It is characterized by inflammation and degeneration of the joints, resulting in pain and difficulty moving. Although there is no cure, it can be managed with dog anti-inflammatories, joint supplements and a healthy lifestyle.

Likewise, offering our dog a good resting place will relieve him from this chronic ailment, such as Baluka dog beds. Baluka dog bedsmade with viscoelastic material that adapts perfectly to his body.

pastor alemán colchón de viscoelástica con su nombre

Our Viscoelastic Mattresses and Beds for Dogs and Cats


Carry their name embroidered


Take care of their bones


The best for dogs with dysplasia or arthrosis.
See Beds

In Baluka we know how important is the health of your four-legged companion. Being informed about these common diseases and their symptoms can make a big difference in the life of your furry friend.

Remember, at any sign of discomfort or illness, a visit to the vet is a must, our furry friends are part of our family and deserve all our care and attention!